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Semalt o lemosa ka kotsi e ntseng e eketseha ea litlhaselo tsa lik'homphieutha tsa Zombie

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Batho ba nang le mefuta e mengata le ba sotlang ba ntse ba hlompha libetsa tsa bona ho leka ho tlōla tšireletso ka marang-rang. Ba sebelisa monyetla oa mananeo a ikemetseng ka lik'homphieutha tse makholo ka boomo. Bahlaseli ba kenyeletsa mananeo ao e le hore ba ka tšoaetsa lisebelisoa tse ngata ka nako e le 'ngoe.

Ba sebelisa mefuta e fapa-fapaneng ea lits'ebeletso, tseo kaofela li bitsoa botnets. Li-botnets li 'nile tsa jarisoa molato bakeng sa spike ho eona ka palo ea spam likhoeling tsa morao tjena. Ho na le litlaleho tse ngata tsa bosholu ba data tse tlalehiloeng, 'me bafuputsi ba ts'ireletso ba amehile ka hore na ba ka tlosa botnets joang - elder care insurance. Ba iketsetsa le ho fetola lisebelisoa tsa k'homphieutha le li-smartphone, ho eketsa liphello tsa mananeo ohle a kotsi le livaerase.

Max Bell, The Semalt Motsamaisi ea Atlehileng, o bolela hore bothata bo nkiloe ka mokhoa o tebileng, 'me botlalo ba eona bo ntseng bo hōla ke bona bo ferekanyang litsebi tsa IT. E kenyelletsa dintlha tsa hau, e senya tjhelete ea libanka tsa banka mme e kenella tsamaisong e sebetsanang le phapanyetsano ea lichelete.

Gadi Evron, setsebi sa tšireletso ea Beyond Security, o re nako ke nako e loketseng ea ho tlosa likokoana-hloko tse phahameng le tse fokolang maikutlo. Khampani ena ea Iseraele e ile ea fumana lenaneo selemong se fetileng se neng se tla thusa ho thibela li-zombies ka lisebelisoa tsa k'homphieutha. Ke 'nete hore ho na le palo e kholo ea tšoaetso ea k'homphieutha,' me palo e ntse e hōla letsatsi le leng le le leng. Leha ho le joalo, matla a mananeo a botnet a fetohile a maholo..David Dagon, mofuputsi oa Georgia Institute of Technology, o qalile morero o shebaneng le ho laola likokoana-hloko le li-botnets tsamaisong ea k'homphieutha. O re mananeo a botnet a bolaile lik'homphieutha tse fetang limilione tse 600 lefatšeng lohle.

Mananeo ohle a kotsi le seoa sa likokoana-hloko se ne se fetile Lefatšeng le Lecha la Lefatše ho tloha ka 1987 ha ho ne ho e-na le lik'homphieutha tse likete tse mashome a tšeletseng tse amanang le inthanete. Nako le nako, mookameli oa ts'ireletso ea k'homphieutha kapa moqapi o leka ho hloekisa tšenyo, li-virus tsa likokoana-hloko le li-botnets li ntse li le teng tsamaisong ena. Ka bomalimabe, litlhaselo tse joalo li fetohile, 'me ho hlokahala hore re tlose botnets hang ha ho khoneha. Mokhoa o bonolo oa tšireletso ea khomphutha ha o lekane hobane re hloka litsebi tse ka hlahisang mekhoa e metle khahlanong le botnets le likokoana-hloko tse marang-rang.

David Farber oa Carnegie Mellon o re li-botnets li emela litšoso tse thata ho sebetsana le tsona. Ke pula-maliboho oa IT ebile o sebelitse merero e mengata. Ho ea ka eena, ke e 'ngoe ea litšokelo tse senyang,' me eena le litsebi tse ling tsa IT ba tšoenyehile ka taba ena. Li-botnets li kena ka lisebelisoa tsa k'homphieutha habonolo ebile li senya palo e kholo ea lifaele. Ho feta moo, likokoana-hloko le li-botnets li hlasela li-web browser le mekhoa ea khale ea ho sebetsa.

Hajoale, likokoana-hloko le li-botnets li tšoaelitse mananeo a mangata a ho sebetsa le lik'homphieutha lefats'eng lohle. Linaha tse fapaneng li tlalehile hore litlhaselo tse amanang le botnet li sentse lik'homphieutha le lik'homphieutha tse ikhethang 'me li abeloa ka litsela tse sa tšoaneng. Mekhoa e tloaelehileng ka ho fetisisa ke ka li-imeile, lifaele tse nkiloeng, le melaetsa ea liphatlalatso tsa sechaba.

ShadowServer ke k'hamphani ea ts'ireletso ea k'homphieutha e sebetsang mananeong a antivirus 'me e na le boikarabelo ba ho shebella mesebetsi ea botnet. E fumane mechine e fetang limilione tse 'nè tse nang le ts'oaetso le mekhoa ea ho laola li-IRC tse fetang tse peli, tse tsejoang hape e le li-server tsa Command & Control.

Serry Winkler, setsebi sa Denver, o re ho khoneha ho tima menyetla ea ts'ireletso ea marang-rang ka ho sebelisa lisebelisoa tse ling le mananeo. O bile a etsa qeto ea ho reka lisebelisoa tse 'maloa tsa k'homphieutha tse tsoetseng pele ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa hae.

November 29, 2017